Currently, relying on pharmacology and doctors, many of us have begun to forget that Nature cures and Medicine just helps her.
With many diseases, the body is able to cope on its own, because it has natural protective forces. It is only necessary to support it in time, and the best and time-tested helpers in this can be medicinal plants-repeatedly tested means used for treatment.
It has long been proven that almost all medicinal plants that are now used in herbal medicine have been used by herbalists since ancient times. True, professionals also contributed to the study of the chemical composition of plants.
The use of modern technology has allowed us to penetrate secrets that have long remained unsolved. In the age of progress, it is important for us to know how a particular plant works, how to properly prepare an infusion or decoction at home.
However, when turning to herbal treatment, you need to remember that they are not a panacea. Some of them have contraindications, which should be taken into account.
Sometimes traditional medicine uses powerful and even poisonous plants. Of course, precautions should be taken when treating with such means. At the same time, we must not forget and take into account that the concept of toxicity is relative and its degree is most often determined by the dosage.
Prescriptions of medicines, whether they are infusions, decoctions or ointments, help to cure many ailments, remove harmful metabolic products, purify and rejuvenate the body, strengthen the immune system.
Medicinal plants affect the body more gently and comprehensively than synthesized drugs. Most of them do not cause negative side effects and do not give complications. This is the main advantage of herbal treatment.
Even in modern medicine, plants have not lost their positions. Moreover, every year the number of medicines that are based on an herbal basis increases.
Herbal complex - chemical composition.
The healing properties of plants are due to the presence of chemicals variety and compounds in them, the quantity and quality of which depend on the type of plant, its growing conditions, the time of collection, drying methods and storage conditions.
Useful substances can be contained in the entire plants or its individual parts.
Among the most effective chemicals are:
Alkaloids: complex organic compounds containing nitrogen and giving an alkaline reaction. These include morphine, codeine, caffeine, nicotine, ephedrine, papaverine, quinine, strychnine, etc. Often they are the cause of the toxicity of some plants.
These very valuable medicinal substances are used to treat diseases of the internal organs, nervous system and many other diseases.
Glycosides: organic non-volatile substances consisting of compounds of glucose and other sugars with various organic compounds, which are widely used for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases.
Some plants containing them are very poisonous, and their use requires strict medical supervision.
Glycosides of a complex structure, called saponins, are very active and potent substances that are used as an expectorant, as well as an anti-sclerotic agent.
Another type of glycosides is bitterness: bitter-tasting nitrogen-free substances that stimulate the activity of the gastrointestinal tract and improve the digestive processes.
Tannins (tannides): nitrogen-free organic compounds that have astringent and anti-inflammatory effects. They are used in the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases, in the treatment of stomatitis, skin ailments, burns, etc.
Flavones and flavonoids: organic compounds used as the basis for the manufacture of choleretic drugs, as well as means to strengthen the walls of blood vessels.
Antibiotics: organic substances of various chemical compositions that have the selective ability to kill or inhibit the growth and reproduction of certain types of pathogenic bacteria. The most well-known among them are phytoncides-antibiotics of flowering plants.
They are used for infectious and viral diseases, tuberculosis, skin, lung, gastrointestinal, ENT diseases and many others. Phytoncides are also used to enhance the regeneration of damaged tissues.
Organic acids: (malic, citric, tartaric, formic, oxalic, succinic, etc.) are used to treat a variety of diseases. They have a particularly beneficial effect on the metabolism in the human body.
Lactones: substances derived from oxy-acids are used in hematology, oncology, and some other areas of modern medicine.
Mineral salts (potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, etc.) contained in plants have a positive influence on the processes of metabolism, circulatory and nervous systems, the formation of enzymes and hormones, their availability depends on the condition of the muscles, bones, etc.
Vitamins: substances that are extremely necessary for the normal functioning of the human body at any age. Therefore, their use in medicine is not limited.
Currently, more than 20 natural vitamins contained in medicinal plants are known. The most common ones are: A, B1, B2, B6, B15, PP, C, D, K, P.
Trace elements (iron, copper, aluminum, chromium, manganese, zinc, nickel, cobalt, iodine, bromine, etc.): chemicals that are very important in biological processes, especially respiration, metabolism, hematopoiesis.
They enter the body mainly with vegetables and fruits.
Essential oils: mixtures of various volatile substances, of the most diverse chemical composition, with a fairly strong aroma. They are widely used in medicine as antitussive, anti-microbial, and painkillers.
Resins: chemicals similar in composition to essential oils. The resins of some plants are used as wound healing agents.
Mucus: nitrogen-free substances, which include mainly polysaccharides. They are used internally for coughing and externally as a skin softener.
Herbal complex - methods of application.
As the centuries-old practice of traditional medicine shows, there are no diseases in nature that cannot be treated with medicinal plants. However, there is no such plant that could not be used to combat certain ailments.
Medicinal plants and preparations prepared on their basis are natural remedies that have a versatile effect on the human body. Unlike many chemical pharmacological drugs, when used correctly, they do not give negative side effects.
In addition to the effectiveness, herbal medicines are also quite easy to use and, due to their wide distribution are available to almost everyone.
Most representatives of the Flora have several medicinal properties, so they often affect the body in a complex way, having a positive effect not only on the diseased organs, but also on the general condition.
However, despite the vast experience accumulated by hundreds of generations of healers, you should know that the properties of many plants are not fully understood.
Medicinal plants are used both internally (in the form of infusions, tinctures, decoctions, juices, powders) and externally (in the form of baths, ointments, wraps, lotions, compresses, powders, etc.).
The main rule of preparation of any preparation from fresh or dried raw materials is its preliminary grinding to the sizes from 3-5 mm (for grass, leaves, flowers, stems, bark and roots) to 0.5 mm (for seeds). This is due to the fact that useful active substances are extracted from small particles faster and more efficiently.
The peculiarity of the action of drugs from medicinal plants is that the effectiveness of their effects is not immediately apparent, but only after a long period of use.
Therefore, they are usually taken for at least 1-2 months. In the treatment of chronic diseases, take a break for 1.5-2 months, after which the medication is resumed.
Since human body has the ability to get used to drugs used for a long time, usually drugs of one or another action are periodically replaced with similar ones.
Herbal complex - indications and contraindications.
A multi-sided effect on the various functions of human body of some plants with the wrong selection and without taking into account many factors can have a negative impact. In some cases, by healing one of the diseases, they can exacerbate an existing other disease or cause a new one.
Therefore, you should not use medicinal plants, especially potent ones, on the advice of relatives and friends who have been helped by it, because they have a completely different body.
The same applies to the advice of non-professional people who do not have special training to correctly diagnose, determine the individual characteristics of the patient, etc.
As a result of the use of medicines made on the basis of plant raw materials, it can not only not contribute to recovery, but also worsen the state of health.
In order to properly use medicinal plants, you need to know their properties well.
It is important to remember that there are many powerful and poisonous medicinal plants. Treatment with such herbs should be carried out under the constant supervision of specialists. Even a small overdose or improper use can lead to the most serious negative consequences.
Experts have long established that, depending on the growing conditions, plants of the same species can differ dramatically in their chemical composition. As a result of unfavorable conditions, the plant may even completely lose its medicinal properties.
Drying and storage have a huge impact on the quality of medicinal raw materials. Errors in these processes can lead not only to the loss of useful properties, but also to the accumulation of substances harmful to the human body.
Therefore, you can use for self-treatment, without special training, only well-known harmless plants that are sold in pharmacies, as well as ordinary berry, fruit and vegetable crops.